New Techniques Make Microscopes 20 Times More Sensitive
A research team at the Australian National University (ANU) has devised a way to make microscopes magnify 20 times more than usual. This magnification allows scientists to see and identify substances and matter as minuscule as or even smaller than a virus.
The new method entails laser beams cooling a nanowire probe to -265 degree Celsius. These nanowires are 500 times finer than human hair.
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Dr. Ben Buchler, one of the researchers from the Research School of Physics and Engineering at ANU, said that this nanotechnology allows for extreme sensitivity that probing through a microscope becomes even more accurate.
"The level of sensitivity achieved after cooling is accurate enough for us to sense the weight of a large virus that is 100 billion times lighter than a mosquito," he explained.
The team's method could help further improve the resolution of atomic-force microscopes. These microscopes are used to measure nanoscopic matter and tiny substances between molecules.
The new probing method, however, is not without its flaws. Because the nanowires used are so tiny, their functions are easily disrupted by vibration.
Prof. Ping Koy Lam, a co-author of the research, said that the probe vibrates even at room temperature and makes "measurements noisy." He shared though that this noise can be stopped by shining cooling lasers on it to counter the thermal interruption.
However, the trickier part lies in the fact that the probe cannot be used because the laser overwhelms it. The research team has to move quickly then, turning the laser off and doing measurements quickly before the probe heats up again.
PhD student Harry Slatyer shared that through trial-and-error they will eventually find a solution to the flaws of the technology.
He said that with intelligent data processing scientists can improve the sensitivity of the probe and do away with cooling lasers.