China’s involvement in modern astronomy is moving quietly, steadily
The lenses of the first antimatter telescope
Optician Jianmin Guo from China designed the concave lenses of the Santilli Telescope, the world's first telescope that proved the existence of antimatter galaxies, cosmic rays, and asteroids. Created by Dr. Ruggero Santilli of Thunder Energies Corporation (OTCQB: TNRG), one of the industry leaders in breakthrough technological equipment, the Santilli Telescope is the first with concave lenses in all of mankind's history that allowed for the first confirmed detection of antimatter galaxies, cosmic rays, and asteroids.
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The revolutionary design of the concave lenses were implemented by Guo's company, Zhengzhou Union Optics Co. LTD. Thunder Energies shipped one of two custom-made Galileo telescopes, along with specifications on the conversion of its two lenses. Zhengzhou was tasked with the transformation of the telescope from the Galileo form with 100 mm effective convex primary lenses, to the antimatter telescope.
The Santilli telescope, whose features are identical to those the Galileo has but are now conjugated, enabled the scientists at Thunder Energies to detect several antimatter sky objects. Confirmations of these detections allow for possible proving and disproving of existing theories, as well as harnessing antimatter in space for energy.
The first probe to land on the Moon's far side
After Chang'e 3 was revealed to have been on the moon's Mare Imbrium region since December 2013, China will follow up with Chang'e 4 for what will be the first touchdown on the lunar far side by the end of the decade. The Chang'e 4 landing probe, which will be launched in 2018, will carry more science payloads than the Chang'e 3 mission.
The same face of the moon is visible from the Earth. Its far side, which is heavily cratered and rougher than the lunar near side, will require the launch of an additional spacecraft to relay signals between the lander and Earth. Chang'e 4 will land in a gravity-stable location called the Earth-Moon L2 point in the far side of the Moon.
The goal of Chang'e 4 is to study geologic conditions and low-frequency radio waves. The far side of the Moon has a clean electromagnetic environment, which provides an ideal field for low-frequency radio study.
The largest radio telescope partnered with fastest supercomputer
China's military-led space program is constructing the world's largest radio telescope, the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Telescope (FAST). The Chinese state media recently released images of the gigantic structure that showed the dish itself with the size of 30 football pitches. FAST will be able to detect radio signals-and potentially, signs of life-from as far as tens of billions of light years away. China's state-run Xinhua news agency says FAST will be completed in 2016.
No ordinary computer can handle the data collected by the world's largest radio telescope. To support its capacity, FAST will be connected to what will be the fastest computer, South China Morning Post reported. This pairing will allow for astronomical calculations as it searches for alien life and investigates dark matter.
The Sky Eye 1 will be FAST's "super brain." It will beat the current fastest astronomical supercomputer, Japan's Aterui. To process the enormous amount of data from the project, Sky Eye 1's expected peak performance will be above Aterui's 1,000 teraflops, or one thousand trillion calculations per second.
The supercomputer will be hosted at a facility near the telescope and will be connected with a high-speed data link. The link is capable of transmitting up to 100 gigabytes of data per second.